When A Country Reaches Peak Diversity

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“General Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who had long since switched back to the rebel side, became the ruler of Saint-Domingue. He decided to begin the new year (1804) with a declaration of independence. A brigadier who acted as his secretary, Louis Felix Boisrond-Tonnerre, eagerly seconded the idea. What they needed in order to make the declaration authentic, Boisrond-Tonnerre roared, was “the skin of a white for parchment, his skull for an inkwell, his blood for ink, and a bayonet for a pen!”

A delighted Dessalines, who could not read or write, ordered Boisrond-Tonnerre to compose the declaration. “Make people know how I feel about the whites!” he said. He had long since made that clear by his merciless conduct on the battlefield. To underscore the new nation’s policy, he picked up a French tricolor and cut the white strip out of it, creating a new national flag.

On January 1, 1804, a huge celebration took place at Toussaint Louverture’s old stronghold, the inland town of Gonaives. After a day of feasting and dancing, General Dessalines mounted a platform draped in the new flags, and with a wave of his hand he silenced the pounding kettledrums and trumpets. The short stocky general proclaimed the island independent of France and declared it would henceforth be known by its Carib Indian name, Haiti. Then he summoned Boisrond-Tonnerre to read the Declaration of Independence.

It began with a war cry. “We must live free or we must die!” A paragraph exhorted the listeners to “look about you for your wives, husbands, brothers, sisters. Where have they gone? They have fallen prey to these vultures” (the whites). The rest of the document was a raging denunciation of France and French whites.

The mere news of this declaration inspired not a few Frenchmen to charter ships to send their families and moveable property elsewhere. But when they arrived at various ports to embark, armed soldiers blocked their paths and ordered them to return to their homes.

General Dessalines had decided Haiti must be cleansed of everyone white. On March 9 he marched into the port of Jeremie and dragged every white male in the city into the town square. Dessalines gazed contemptuously at them and snarled: “You whites of Jeremie—I know how you hate me . . . The blood of you all shall pay!”

Five doctors, an American visitor, and a few foreign merchants were shoved to the other side of the square. Next Dessalines offered amnesty to about four hundred men of property if they would pay substantial ransoms before sundown. The rest were hacked to death by ax-wielding executioners. The four hundred reprieved men paid their ransoms well before sundown. But they were not released. During the night, they were all beheaded and their bodies left in a huge pile.

Dessalines marched to other cities and repeated this gruesome performance. Some of his generals, such as Jean Christophe, tried to dissuade him. They had become friendly with many of these doomed Frenchmen. They needed their help to restore Haiti’s prosperity. But the new ruler was implacable. French men, women, and children died in the same merciless way.

In one or two ports, Dessalines’s more compassionate lieutenants allowed some Frenchmen and their families to escape to nearby ships. A few foreign merchants used bribes and persuasion to help others flee. One Scottish merchant from Baltimore was later given a gold medal by French refugees in that city to express their gratitude.

Dessalines closed his campaign with a masterful final act of treachery. He issued a proclamation, calling on whites who had remained in hiding to emerge, guaranteeing them safe conduct to departing ships. A few dozen took him at his word—and met instant death from the waiting ax-men.”

Excerpt From: A Disease in the Public Mind, Thomas Fleming

This is what will happen once white and black population equalize in white countries. A diverse country can only work successfully in two conditions:

  1. When each ethnic group (and thus also racial group) has a de-facto state of their own within the country, or
  2. When one ethnic group is so dominant that it can hold other groups in line.

The moment society fails to accede to at least one of these conditions, it immediately falls into chaos, civil war and genocide. Holy Roman Empire and later Habsburg Empire were so successful because each ethnic group generally kept to their own, and they were well balanced within the Empire, with Germans (and later also Hungarians) being dominant. Federalization of the Empire on an ethnic basis – essentially a modern-day feudalism equivalent – could easily have saved it, but it was accepted by the Vienna only when it was far too late.

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